What is a CPQ process?

Definition

CPQ stands for Configure, Price, Quote. The CPQ process includes selecting components (configure), handling prices and discounts (price) and generating various documentation (quote, technical specifications, 2D- and 3D-drawings).

The CPQ process has a long history with manufactures of complex products, but with the introduction of SaaS (software as a service) the market is currently expanding into service offerings and less complex products.

The CPQ process

- supports a simple way to select valid product combinations with respect to product rules and limitations

- prices the product according to bundling and discounts (manual or automatic)

- creates an accurate and persuasive quote documents based on configuration and pricing information information

CPQ software connects front and back end systems and automates the lead-to-cash process.

What is a CPQ process?

What’s normally included in the CPQ process? Is it all automated and in what way is it adoptable and flexible?

Configure (the C in the CPQ process)

The overall problem is that complex products often have limitations in the way a product can be configured. This can be physical limitations how options can be combined. It’s also very common that there are sales/marketing reasons for limiting availability of certain product combinations. 

A modern CPQ process simplifies the interaction by asking high-level questions about requirements. This is often referred to as guided selling.

The magic bullet when it comes to the CPQ process is the ease of maintenance. The time it takes to do updates as the product portfolio evolves is the real differentiator between a “good” and a “not so good” CPQ process.

Price (the P in CPQ process)

The pricing can, if you let it, be just as complex as the product itself. Manufacturing costs, geographies, competitive situation, and local protocols all comes into play with a clever pricing strategy.

More and more companies are currently moving to a more value-based pricing. What value does your superior product offer deliver to a specific customer? This requires some heavy lifting when it comes to analysis but once that’s in place the CPQ process can really leverage the bottom-line profit and still keep customers loyal to your brand.

Price adjustments is also an important part of the pricing step in the CPQ process. This can be set up to be automatic but should also offer flexibility and advice for sales tactics.

Quote (the Q in the CPQ process)

Once the product is configured and prices correctly, respecting both product limitations and pricing rules, the result is presented in one or more documents. These documents describe the product and is often personalized to resonate with various stakeholders it should be presented to.

The documents generated in the CPQ process describe the product an includes texts, illustrations, data sheets and sometimes drawings, all customized for each offer generated. 

The level of details can be personalized, and document generation should be fully automated.

Why use CPQ?

As the product portfolio grows many companies choose to use a CPQ system. A typical CPQ-user works for a company that offers a very wide range of products or services. The sales representatives (and to be honest usually others in the staff as well) have a hard time managing product prices and product dependencies. The products sold often have many options with critical technical/commercial dependencies.

CPQ software is useful by companies that need to quickly calculate prices. If a sales representative needs to quickly prepare a quote for a customer, the CPQ software automatically sums up all important information. This means that the representative can produce the quote and come back to the customer far quicker. Time is an important differential factor for all companies, regardless of whether the company works in faster or slower markets. Speed ​​is always important.

Global companies, large and small, use CPQ to quickly and effectively send pricing information to partners and customers. This means that customers can get the information right when they need it.

CPQ software is an effective way to unify how the products are presented to the customer. By using an automated tool for quote documents product can be presented in a consistent way and critical information is never missed due to human errors.

Studies show that the companies that respond the fastest have the greatest chance of finally winning the deal. This means that the speed offered by a CPQ system can have a major impact on the company's bottom line results.

In the past only large corporations could afford to use CPQ, but nowadays we see a big expansion of CPQ in small and medium sized business.

Configure Price Quote Software


CPQ is normally a cloud-based software that helps sales teams to automate their quotation routines and manage interactions with clients.

Configuration

The C in CPQ stands for configuration. This means keeping track of all the logic that goes into a complex product. Certain options are required, others can not be combined.
The number of permutations is normally enormous. Even simple products often have millions of possible ways of combining a product. This means that the maintenance-effort required to keep the product logic up to date is one of the most important factors when evaluating the configuration engine.

Pricing

The P in CPQ stands for pricing. The next set of logic to master is the rules and constraints regarding prices and discounts. Certain items come cheaper as a bundle, some item are alliable for bigger discount while other can not be discounted at all.
This means that workflow and organizational hierarchies are needed to do pricing effectively. Keeping track of prices and the possibility to escalate the sales opportunities to management is all part of pricing.
Support for different pricing models, pricelists and purchasing agreements are essential in pricing.

Quotation

The Q in CPQ stands for quotation. Texts, specifications and images all come together in an advanced template that dynamically adjusts the quotation for each customer.
The ease of use and flexibility of the document generation is a very important factor when evaluating how the quotation can meet your business needs.

For a global company it’s often a requirement that both configuration and quotation must natively support multiple languages.

Vendors

According to analysts the leading vendors in CPQ are Apttus, Oracle, Salesforce and SAP. Niche players in manufacturing are PROS, FPX and Tacton. 

What is CPQ?

Definition

CPQ is an acronym for Configure, Price, Quote. CPQ is used to describe the process of selecting components (configure), handling pricing (price) and generating documentation (quote). CPQ software is primarily used for complex products, services or a combination of the two.

CPQ solutions
  • supports a simple way to select valid product combinations with respect to product rules and limitations
  • price the product correctly according to bundling and discounts
  • creates an accurate and persuasive quote based on this information
CPQ software connects front and back end systems and automates the lead-to-cash process.

What is a CPQ process?

What’s included in a CPQ process? Is it all automated and in what way is it adoptable and flexible?

Configure: All complex products have limitations to how modules or sub-components can be combined. The user normally specifies key features and main products, a configurator handles all limitations and itty-bitty details.

Price: Manufacturing costs, geographies, competitive situation, and local protocols - the pricing can be just as complex as the product itself. The price adjustments should both be automatic but also offer flexibility and advice for sales tactics.

Quote: Documents describing a complex product includes texts, illustrations, data sheets, drawings. All specific for each offer generated. The level of details should be flexible and document generation should be fully automated.

Top 4 reasons why manufacturers choose a CPQ solution

What criteria can you use to determine if your company needs a CPQ solution? How can you tell when it’s time to invest in CPQ software?

I wouldn’t set out specific criteria as much as offer four reasons that I think will help you sort out an answer.

This is what we hear over and over again from clients and potential customers.

Spend more time selling

Is there a feeling that not enough selling is being done by your team? If so, this deserves your immediate attention.

Sales people are expensive and their primary role is to engage with customers and prospects. This is how your organization generates revenue.

Preparing quotations and proposal documentation is still a major tasks in many sales organizations. If this can be reduced there will be more time for actual selling. This is the first reason to invest in a CPQ solution.

Better proposals

A good quote delivers a vibrant, crisp and compelling proposals that distinguish you from the competition. A superior quote will persuade your customer and win more business.

Developing best practice for quotes, RFP documents and other sales documentation enables your team to increase the overall quality of the delivered proposals.

A better proposal will tell the customer that you will fulfill their needs and deliver what the customer wants. A better proposal that will provide important benefits and clearly describe the delivered value. A better proposal that validate that you have the right qualifications to fulfill the customer needs.

The proposal should send the message why your company better than anyone else can deliver the optimal solution with the highest value. This is the second reason to invest in a CPQ solution.

Get the price right

Working with complex products is somewhat problematic. To get the price right is a challenge and it makes a big difference when it comes to bottom line earnings.

The first problem: One option often requires another option. Forgetting that other option in a quote can be will severely reduce the profit. But to keep track of all options and exception is a difficult task that requires up-to-date knowledge.

The second problem: When multiple products are combined there is normally a reduction in price that only applies under certain conditions. To work with packages is an efficient way to expand the offering, but it also requires that up-to-date knowledge.

The third problem: In a changing world pricelists need to adopt fast. What was previously done on a yearly basis is nowadays more likely to be day-to-day updates. To be able to adopt to changing circumstances also requires that up-to-date knowledge.

The third reason to invest in a CPQ solution is the fact that up-to-date knowledge should be part of the CPQ package.

First to respond

When a customer asks for a quotation or proposal it’s unlikely the request is sent only to your company. The most likely scenario is that the same questions and requirements will be sent to up to a dozen competitors.

Companies with an implemented CPQ solutions reports that speed makes a difference when it comes to closing more deals. A rapid respond really makes a difference.

Being the first to respond will in itself not guarantee better business. But in combination with more time selling, better proposals and correct pricing it definitely makes a difference. That’s why it’s the forth reason to invest in a CPQ solution.

Why CPQ - business drivers at a glance

Configure price quote (CPQ) software cuts through sales difficulty to help leading corporations sell more effectively. CPQ empowers sales reps and associates to recommend combination of goods and services, generate accurate quotes, and gets deals signed faster.

With effective step-by-step guided selling and streamlined workflows for quotes, proposals and contract management CPQ software takes advanced sales to the next level. CPQ increases average deal size, accelerates sales cycles and makes your business more professional.